Yes/No/Not Given and True/False/Not Given
This question which confuses many candidates for either versions of IELTS test ( General and Academic ).
• First of all , YES /NO / NOT GIVEN questions used in texts discussing factual information , while TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEM used where writer opinions are on question.
• The strategy remains the same for both types of questions :
Simply , if the statement is mentioned CLEARLY in the paragraph , even using identical or most probably synonyms , so it is TRUE or YES .
But if the opposite or a different sense is indicated in the paragraph , so it is obviously FALSE ,/ NO .
And in case it is not mentioned at all , NOT GIVEN would be the only reasonable choice then.
Important Tips :
1 – Don’t deduce or try to use logical sense , it is NOT GIVEN if not stated in the text.
For example , if the text states that India is the second most populous country in the world , and the question asks if China is the most populous one , despite being right but considered as NOT GIVEN if not stated .
2- Questions follow the same order of sentences in the text , so of you are looking for the answer of the second question , check the text lies between the first and third answers.
Yes/No/Not Given vs. True/False/Not Given*
3 – It is ok to write the first letter of each answer in the answer sheet but , I do NOT recommend that at all because sometimes it would be tough for examiners to differentiate between T and F , so WRITE THE FULL WORD : TRUE OR FALSE OR NOT GOVEN. to avoid losing marks.
1 – Text :
Most Canadians like Ice hockey.
Only few Canadians like Ice hockey.
The answer is False , since most and few contradict each other.
2 – Text :
It has been calculated that 17 percent of cases of lung cancer can be attributed to high levels of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke during childhood and adolescence.
Teenagers whose parents smoke are at risk of getting lung cancer at some time during their lives
Because teenagers and adolescents are synonymous words , the answer would be : TRUE or YES.
3 – Text :
Smoking is believed to be responsible for 30 % of all deaths from cancer.
30 % of deaths in the United States are caused by smoking-related diseases.
As there is a contradiction between death’s cause in the text and question. It’s due to Cancer in the text , while general in the question , so , the answer will be definitely NO or FALSE.